Shapes of (ceramic) bottle caps:

During the last century therewere used manny different types of beer bottle caps. This site gives a short overview of these bottle stoppers.

Manny countries had their preferred types of bottle caps at a given time. So the shape of an unknown bottle cap canalready tell a lot about the country of origin and also about the approximate age of that specific cap. Besides this different types ofbottle caps were also an important factor in the economic development of the brewing industry. Hence there were filed many patents on bottlecaps and these patents are interesting historic documents telling us even more about the history of these bottle stoppers, who invented themand which company manufactured these stoppers.

For some of the bottel caps depicted I obtained the corresponding patents. Links to pdf-documents of these patents are provided below the picture of the corresponding stopper.

In case you know further patent numbers, which for example often are printed at the bottom or at the side of these bottle stoppers, I would be very much interested in hearing from you. Please let me know the patent numbers you identified on some of the stoppers in your collection. Also pictures of the stoppers would be very much appreciated. You can easily contact me using this Form.

Composite swingtop of beer bottles; still in use today mainly in Germany
Still in use today
DE, NL, AT, CH,FR 
Porcelain & Plastic
Patent: EP 1094010
Bügelverschluss, heute noch in Verwendung
Still in use today
DE, NL, FR, CH, AT, Europe
Porcelain or plastic
Patent: ???
Bügelverschluss, heute noch in Verwendung
Still in use today
DE, NL, FR, CH, AT, Europe
Porcelain or plastic
Patent: ???
Bügelverschluss, alte Form vor ca. 1945
Until cir. 1945
Common:
DE, PL, Europe
Porcelain
Patent: ???
Bügelverschuss, sehr alte Form vor ca. 1920 verwendet
Until cir. 1920
Rare: DE
Porcelain
Patent: ???
Bügelverschluss, alte melonenartige Form, bis ca. 1945 verwendet
Until cir. 1945
DE, BE, FR
Porcelain
Patent: ???
Bügelverschluss vor 1945 verwendet in Deutschland, Großbritannien, u.a.
Until cir. 1945
Rare: GB,
Common: AU, DE, PL
Porcelain
Patent: GB1906-7172
Bügelverschluss, früher in Frankreich verwendet
Until cir. ???
Rare: FR
Porcelain
Patent: ???
Ungewöhnliche, historische Form, selten
Until cir. 1945?
Rare: DE
Porcelain
Patent: ???
Seltene, historische Form eines Porzellanverschlusses
Until cir. ???
Rare: DE, FR
Porcelain
Patent: ???
Alter Bügelflaschenverschluss, Pilzform, selten für Bierflaschen verwendet
Until cir. 1945
Rare: DE, FR
Porcelain
Patent: ???



Ceramic bottle stopper, Russia
Until cir. ???
Rare: RU
Very rare: DE
Porcelain
Patent: RU11322 ?
            DRGM73835
            FR389693  
Mushroome ceramic bottle stopper
Until cir. ???
Very rare: DE
Porcelain
Patent: ???


Mushroome ceramic bottle stopper
Until cir. ???
Very rare: DE
Porcelain
Patent: ???


Mushroome ceramic bottle stopper
BUntil cir. 1900
Very rare: DE, FR
Porcelain
Sping meachanism
Patent: FR349229
           FR349535
         GB1904 13526
Hutter stopper
Until cir. 1920
Very common: USA
Rare: South Africa
Hutter type
Porcelain
Patent: US491113
GB1892-14801
GB1875-4438  
Dreyfuss stopper
Until cir. 1920
Common: USA
Dreyfuss type,
Porcelain
Patent: US547878



Dreyfuss stopper
Until cir. 1920
Common: USA
Dreyfuss variant,
Porcelain
Patent:



Dreyfuss stopper
Until cir. 1920
Very rare: USA
Dreyfuss variant,
Porcelain
Patent:



Ball-type ceramic stopper
Until cir. 1920
Rare: USA
Globe type
Porcelain
Patent: US725505
            US821456 ?


Syphon ceramic stopper, Germany
Still in use today
Common: DE, AT
Syphon, Porcelain
Patent: ???



Syphone ceramic stopper (porslinskorkar), Sweden
Until cir. 1970
Common: DK, SE, FI
"lät ol", Porcelain
Patent: DE896016
   
Kannenbier-Verschuss, vor 1945, Deuschland
Until cir. 1910
Rare: DE
Kannenbier-Versand
Earthenware & Metal
Patent: DRP1895-88333
Mushroome ceramic bottle stopper
Until cir. ???
Rare: DE
Porcelain
Patent: ???


Mushroome ceramic bottle stopper
Until cir. 1920
Very rare: US
Landenberger type
Glass
Patent:  US665689
Swingtop square-type; in use until about 1970, mainly in Germany and Denmark
Still in use today: DE
Until cir. 1970, very
Common: DK, FI, Europe
Porcelain
Patent: DRP58602
DRP59915      
Swingtop
Until cir. 1920
Rare: DE, PL
Porcelain
Patent: DRP58602

     
Swingtop, square-type, German Empire, Scandinavia
Until cir. 1920
Very rare for breweries: DE, PL
Porcelain
Patent: DRP79821


Swingtop
Until cir. 1920
Very rare for breweries: DE, PL
Porcelain
Patent: ???


Swingtop, metal-porcelaine composite, Grauel-stopper, Germany
Until cir. 1900
Very rare: DE, PL Grauel type

Metal & Porcelain
Patent: DRP1685
US217425     
Mushroome ceramic bottle stopper
Until cir. 1960 ?
Very rare: DE, PL
Plastic
Patent: ???

Lightning-Typ Flaschenverschluss, USA, Metall und Gummi
Until cir. 1910
Rare: USA
"Lightning" type,
Metal & Rubber
Patent: US158406
root beer bottle stopper from metal and rubber
Until cir. ???
Rare: USA
Root Beer, rare
Metal & Rubber
Patent: US624363

Swingtop, metal-porcelaine composite, Grauel-stopper, Germany
Until cir.  ???
Very rare: DE
Closure with valve, Metal & Porcelain
Patent: ???
Komposite-Verschluss, US, DE, PL, Porzellan und Kork
Until cir. 1920
Very rare:
USA, DE, PL
Porcelain & Cork
Patent: ???
Ceramic cap; composite porcelaine and kork, mainly for mineral water, rarely for beer
Until cir. ???
Very rare for breweries: DE, PL
Porcelain & Cork
Patent: ???
Mushroome ceramic bottle stopper
Until cir.
Rare: DE
Threaded cork
Porcelain & Cork
Patent: ???

Mushroome ceramic bottle stopper
Until cir. ???
Very rare: DE
Threaded cork
Porcelain & Cork
Patent: ???

Mushroome ceramic bottle stopper
Until cir. ???
Rare: DE
Porcelain
Patent: ???
Mushroome ceramic bottle stopper
Until cir. ???
Very rare: USA
"Slip Seal" Closure
Metal & Rubber
Patent: ???
root beer stopper USA
Until cir. ???
Very rare: USA
Root Beer
Metal & Leather
Patent: ???
Until cir. ???
Rare: USA, GB
Hutchinson type
Metal
US??????
GB1883-1770

Until cir. 1945 ?
Common: FR,DE,PL
Porcelain
Patent: FR245687



Advertisement:
Ebonite Stoppers


Ebonite screw stopper, Britain, Australia
Until cir. 1930
Common: GB, IE
Hartgummi
Patent: GB ???
US230605 ?    
US589505 ?    
Ebonite
Until cir. 1930
Very common: GB, IE
Rare: AU, SA
Very rare: DE
Ebonite
Patent: ???
Ebonite
Until cir. 1930
Rare: GB
Ebonite
Patent: GB12942
Wooden screw stopper
Until cir. ???
Rare: GB
Wood
Patent: GB ???
US230605 ?  
Earth-ware screw stopper
Until cir. 18xx
Rare: GB
Earthenware
Patent: ???
Ebonite
Until cir. 1930
Common: GB, IE
Rare: AU, CA  Ebonite
Pat.: GB1924-213852
Ebonite stopper, Riley-type, flat
Until cir. 1930
Rare: GB
Riley form, Ebonite
Patent: GB1885-8198
Ebonite
Until cir. 1930
Rare: GB
Ebonite
Patent: GB12942
Riley screwstopper, wood, Britain
Until cir. ???
Rare: GB
Riley-Form, Holz
Pat.: GB1885-8198
Earth-ware screw stopper, Sconttland
Until cir. 18??
Rare: Scotland
Earthenware
Patent: ???





modern crown cork, based on William Painter patent
Still in use today
Very common: world-wide
Crown Cork: Painter
Patent: US468258
            DRP68350

FR370178
FR516241
DRP9962


Still in use today
Common: USA
Twist-off Crown Cork
Patent from 1988:
US4782969
Kork Bierflaschen-Verschluss, vor 1920
Until cir. 1910
Common: Europe, USA
Cork
Likely no Patent
belgian kork and wire cap - champagne-closure for beer
Still in use today
Common: BE
Cork & Wire
Likely no Patent
kork'n'seal crown cork
Until cir.  ???
Rare: USA
 "Kork and Seal"
Patent: US1130783


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