Shapes of (ceramic) bottle caps:

During the last century therewere used manny different types of beer bottle caps. This site gives a short overview of these bottle stoppers.

Manny countries had their preferred types of bottle caps at a given time. So the shape of an unknown bottle cap canalready tell a lot about the country of origin and also about the approximate age of that specific cap. Besides this different types ofbottle caps were also an important factor in the economic development of the brewing industry. Hence there were filed many patents on bottlecaps and these patents are interesting historic documents telling us even more about the history of these bottle stoppers, who invented themand which company manufactured these stoppers.

For some of the bottel caps depicted I obtained the corresponding patents. Links to pdf-documents of these patents are provided below the picture of the corresponding stopper.

In case you know further patent numbers, which for example often are printed at the bottom or at the side of these bottle stoppers, I would be very much interested in hearing from you. Please let me know the patent numbers you identified on some of the stoppers in your collection. Also pictures of the stoppers would be very much appreciated. You can easily contact me using this Form.

Composite swingtop of beer bottles; still in use today mainly in Germany
Still in use today
DE, NL, AT, CH,FR 
Porcelain & Plastic
Pat.: EP1094010
Bügelverschluss, heute noch in Verwendung
Still in use today
DE, NL, FR, CH, AT, Europe
Porcelain or plastic
Pat.: ?
Bügelverschluss, heute noch in Verwendung
Still in use today
DE, NL, FR, CH, AT, Europe
Porcelain or plastic
Pat.: ?
Bügelverschluss, alte Form vor ca. 1945
Until cir. 1945
Common:
DE, PL, Europe
Porcelain
Pat.: ?
Bügelverschuss, sehr alte Form vor ca. 1920 verwendet
Until cir. 1920
Rare: DE
Porcelain
Pat.: ?
Bügelverschluss, alte melonenartige Form, bis ca. 1945 verwendet
Until cir. 1945
DE, BE, FR
Porcelain
Pat.: ?
Bügelverschluss vor 1945 verwendet in Deutschland, Großbritannien, u.a.
Until cir. 1945
Rare: GB,
Common: AU, DE, PL
Porcelain
Pat.: GB1906-7172
Bügelverschluss, früher in Frankreich verwendet
Until cir. ?
Rare: FR
Porcelain
Pat.: ?
Ungewöhnliche, historische Form, selten
Until cir. 1945?
Rare: DE
Porcelain
Pat.: ?
Dopell-Zylinder-Form eines Porzellanverschlusses für Bierflaschen
Until cir. 1945 ?
Very rare: FR
Porcelain
Pat.: ?
Seltene, historische Form eines Porzellanverschlusses
Until cir. ?
Rare: DE, FR
Porcelain
Pat.: ?
Alter Bügelflaschenverschluss, Pilzform, selten für Bierflaschen verwendet
Until cir. 1945
Rare: DE, FR
Porcelain
Pat.: ?
bottle stopper, conical shape, Germany
Until cir. ?
Very rare: DE
Porcelain
Pat.: ?
Mushroome ceramic bottle stopper
Until cir. ?
Very rare: DE
Porcelain
Pat.: ?
Mushroome ceramic bottle stopper
Until cir. ?
Very rare: DE
Porcelain
Pat.: ?
swingtop stopper, glass, Germany
Until cir. 1970 ?
Very rare: DE
square-shaped swing-top stopper
Porcelain
Pat.:
Ceramic bottle stopper, Russia
Until cir. ?
Rare: RU
Very rare: DE
Porcelain
Pat.: RU11322 DRGM73835
FR389693
swingtop stopper, glass, Germany
Until cir. ?
Very rare: DE
Glass
Pat.: ?
Landenberger, glass bottle stopper
Until cir. 1920
Very rare: US
Landenberger type
Glass
Pat.:  US665689
Mushroome ceramic bottle stopper
Until cir. 1900
Very rare: DE, FR
Porcelain
Sping mechanism
Pat.: FR349229
FR349535
GB1904 13526
Hutter stopper
Until cir. 1920
Very common: USA
Rare: South Africa
Hutter type
Porcelain
Patent: US491113
GB1892-14801
GB1875-4438
Dreyfuss stopper
Until cir. 1920
Common: USA
Dreyfuss type, Porcelain
Pat.: US547878
Dreyfuss stopper
Until cir. 1920
Common: USA
Dreyfuss variant,
Porcelain
Patent:
Dreyfuss stopper
Until cir. 1920
Very rare: USA
Dreyfuss variant,
Porcelain
Patent:
Ball-type ceramic stopper
Until cir. 1920
Rare: USA
Globe type
Porcelain
Pat.: US725505
US821456
magnum bottle swingtop
Still used today,
2 or 3 liter Magnum (compared to normal stopper)
Common: DE, NL
Porcelain or plastic
Pat. ?
Syphon ceramic stopper, Germany
Still used today
Common: DE, AT
Syphon, Porcelain
Pat.: ?
Kunststoff-Syphon-Verschluss
Still in use today
Rare: DE
Syphon, plastic
Pat.:?
Syphon ceramic stopper (porslinskorkar), Sweden
Until cir. 1970
Common: DK, SE, FI
"lät ol", Porcelain
Pat.: DE896016
SE81344
Kannenbier-Verschuss, vor 1945, Deuschland
Until cir. 1910
Rare: DE
"Kannenbier-Versand"
Earthenware & Metal
Pat.: DRP1895-88333
Swingtop square-type
Until cir. 1970
Very rare: DE
Common: DK, FI, Europe
Porcelain
Pat.: DRP58602
DRP59915
Swingtop
Until cir. 1920
Rare: DE, PL
Porcelain
Patent: DRP58602
DRP59915
Swingtop, square-type, German Empire, Scandinavia
Until cir. 1920
Very rare for breweries: DE, PL
Porcelain
Pat.: DRP79821
Swingtop
Until cir. 1920
Very rare for breweries: DE, PL
Porcelain
Pat.: ?
Swingtop, metal-porcelaine composite, Grauel-stopper, Germany
Until cir. 1900
Very rare: DE, PL Grauel type
Metal & Porcelain
Pat.: DRP1685
US217425


Glass Klappdeckel-Verschluss
Until cir. ?
Very rare: DE
Glass
Pat.: ?
Doppel-Klappdeckel-Verschluss
Until cir. ?
Very rare: DE
Porcelaine
Pat.: DRGM89288
E.R. Schmidt, Leipzig
Mushroome ceramic bottle stopper
Until cir. ?
Very rare: DE
Threaded cork
Porcelain & Cork
Pat.: ?
Swingtop, metal-porcelaine composite, Grauel-stopper, Germany
Until cir.  ?
Very rare: DE
Closure with valve, Metal & Porcelain
Pat.: ?

plastic bottle stopper
Still used today
Very rare: DE
Plastic
Pat.: ?
plastic bottle stopper
Still used today
Very rare: FR
Plastic
Pat.: ?
plastic bottle stopper
Until cir. 1960 ?
Rare: FR
Plastic, various colors, embossed
Pat.: ?
plastic bottle stopper
Until cir. 1960 ?
Very rare: DE, PL
Plastic
Pat.: ?
Komposite-Verschluss, US, DE, PL, Porzellan und Kork
Until cir. 1920
Very rare:
USA, DE, PL
Porcelain & Cork
Pat.: ?
Ceramic cap; composite porcelaine and kork, mainly for mineral water, rarely for beer
Until cir. ?
Very rare for breweries: DE, PL
Porcelain & Cork
Pat.: ?

Mushroome ceramic bottle stopper
Until cir.
Rare: DE
Threaded cork
Porcelain & Cork
Pat.: ?
Mushroome ceramic bottle stopper
Until cir. ???
Rare: DE
Porcelain
Pat.: ?

Mushroome ceramic bottle stopper
Until cir. ???
Very rare: USA
"Slip Seal" Closure
Metal & Rubber
Pat.: ?
root beer stopper USA
Until cir. ???
Very rare: USA
Root Beer
Metal & Leather
Pat.: ?
Until cir. ???
Rare: USA, GB
Hutchinson type
Metal
GB1883-1770

Until cir. 1945 ?
Common: FR,DE,PL
Porcelain
Pat.: FR245687
Lightning-Typ Flaschenverschluss, USA, Metall und Gummi
Until cir. 1910
Rare: USA
"Lightning" type,
Metal & Rubber
Pat.: US158406
root beer bottle stopper from metal and rubber
Until cir. ???
Rare: USA
Root Beer, rare
Metal & Rubber
Pat.: US624363
Ebonite screw stopper, Britain, Australia
Until cir. 1930
Common: GB, IE
Ebonite
Pat.: GB
US230605 ?
US589505 ?
Ebonite
Until cir. 1930
Very common: GB, IE
Rare: AU, ZA
Very rare: DE
Ebonite
Pat.: ?
Ebonite
Until cir. 1930
Rare: GB
Ebonite
Pat.: GB12942
Wooden screw stopper
Until cir. ???
Rare: GB
Wood
Pat.: GB ???
US230605 ? 
Earth-ware screw stopper
Until cir. 18xx
Rare: GB
Earthenware
Pat.: ?
Ebonite
Until cir. 1930
Common: GB, IE
Rare: AU, CA  Ebonite
Pat.: GB1924-213852
Ebonite stopper, Riley-type, flat
Until cir. 1930
Rare: GB
Riley form, Ebonite
Pat.: GB1885-8198
Ebonite
Until cir. 1930
Rare: GB
Ebonite
Pat.: GB12942
Riley screwstopper, wood, Britain
Until cir. ???
Rare: GB
Riley-Form, Holz
Pat.: GB1885-8198
Earth-ware screw stopper, Sconttland
Until cir. 18??
Rare: Scotland
Earthenware
Pat.: ?
modern crown cork, based on William Painter patent
Still used today
Very common: world-wide
Crown Cork: Painter
Pat.: US468258
DRP68350

FR370178
FR516241
DRP9962


Still used today
Common: USA
Twist-off Crown Cork
Pat. from 1988:
US4782969
Kork Bierflaschen-Verschluss, vor 1920
Until cir. 1910
Common: Europe, USA
Cork
Likely no Patent
belgian kork and wire cap - champagne-closure for beer
Still used today
Common: BE
Cork & Wire
Likely no Patent
kork'n'seal crown cork
Until cir.  ?
Rare: USA
"Kork and Seal"
Pat.: US1130783


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